In September of 2015 CNN Money’s website ran a story on their American Opportunity section about Safiyyah Cotton, a Philadelphian working at McDonalds for $7.50 per hour and bringing home roughly $480 per month in wages. That was the amount she had to provide for her and her one-year old son. Safiyya’s rent was $220 a month and after paying for utilities, child care and her other living expenses, in order to make sure she and her son eat regularly she said she didn’t “buy fresh fruits and stuff like that because there is no guarantee it will be eaten in the couple of days that it will stay fresh.” She stuck to frozen food because it is what she can afford. Safiyyah is far from alone. Poverty has one taste and justice another.
Over the past few years we have heard quite a bit about food deserts, or high poverty areas where a lack of grocery stores makes it difficult for residents to purchase fresh food. However, we know far less about the food realities of people who live near stores where fresh food is sold, but because of their limited incomes they simply cannot afford it. Affordable healthy food is an issue of both equity and justice that disproportionally affects working-class and poor people of color in cities and rural areas. Reducing the economic necessity for some to rely so heavily on food that is unhealthy is not only a tool for fighting health concerns. There are other benefits too.
In both the United States and Great Britain, dietary changes in schools have led to reduced behavioral problems, higher grades and to decreases in the use of prescription drugs to treat attention deficit disorders. In one particularly striking example of the benefits of increasing access to fresh food, a public high school for at-risk students in Appleton, Wisconsin joined forces with a natural food store. They swapped out the soda machines for others offering juice, water and low-sugar energy drinks and also prepared meals entirely free of additives and chemicals, but with abundant amounts of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole-grain breads. The principal reported that within a year she had no expulsions from the school. Teachers reported that the students were more 上海419龙凤网
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Did you read the story about the illegal trade in gorilla testicles? Have you seen the one about parrots poached in Brazil using glue? How about the news bulletin last week about the guy at LAX with Australian lizards strapped to his chest?
Generally there are two kinds of wildlife crime stories in the media: the weird news item showing a smuggler in flagrante (a stunned German tourist with a marmoset hidden in his beard) and the “in-depth” overseas report. I want to focus on the latter because too often these overseas reports kill endangered species.
After a description of a featured [mammal] [reptile] [bird] enjoying the best day of its life, chances are that any overseas report you’ve encountered went something like this:
Illegal trade in wildlife is a $10 billion a year industry, second only to trade in illegal drugs. Last summer [fall, winter, spring] I visited [foreign country] and found [mammal, reptile, bird] for sale. Here’s a photo. Then I interviewed an NGO official who told me that [mammal, reptile, bird] is near extinction. So, I joined up with a ranger and went with千花网论坛